DEMAND FOR AFFIRMATIVE ACTIONS FOR PIRAMALAI KALLAR SUBMITTED TO STATE GOVT

The Piramalai Kallar Tribes of Tamilnadu is the most neglected denotified criminal tribe and aboriginal and primitive tribe of India. The Piramalai Kallar Tribe is the most patriotic, independent and egalitarian community and worst victims of systematic discrimination, social exclusion, criminalization, marginalization, human rights violation, and atrocities by the hegemonic imperial foreign Ruler. The genography of the world has proved beyond doubt that they are the first community of this Holy land and they have evolved robust social institutions and they remained independent republic (Nadu) till, they were subjected by the British Raj thorough their brutal force.

The British Government with sole aim of subjugating the martial race who were adept in traditional warfare in general and Guerilla warfare tactics and valaithadi(boomerang) in particular, the British could not control them, thus the British used all illegal tactics and mustered all their forces and over 5000 Kallars were Slaughtered and over 11000 valaithadies seized and burned on the same day. But nothing could subjugate them, thus the British Government imposed the monstrous Criminal Tribes Act 1911 on Piramalai Kallars in June 1914 and thereafter in the year 1919 the said Act was imposed on the entire community. As they continued their defiance to the said inhuman act, the British let loose the brutal forces against the Piramalai Kallar. On 3.4.1920, 16 including a woman (Mayakkal)were shoot dead and buried and on 03.05.1920 there were whole sale arrest of all the villagers including child and senior citizens and their cattle and chattel. Some of them were uprooted and transported to various settlements and the British planned to eliminate over 1000 of them by damping them into the sea but then District Collector of North Arcot Azizdeen saved them and retained them in Aziz Nagar, Pammal, And Perumpur Settlements.

The state and fate of the Piramalai Kallars under British Government can be safely concluded on referring to the remark of Lieutenant General Sir Gorge Mac Munn in his book ‘ the underworld of India while referring to communities under CT Act that “They are absolutely the scum, the flotsam and jetsam of Indian life, of no more regard than the beasts of the field.�? Thus under the said draconian law, the entire communities were made to sleep at Police Station and during day time also they cannot move beyond their villages and thus there was absolute restriction on their movements and which had resulted in indelible Social Stigma which is haunting them till date. Despite various reclamation work by the British Government, they could not make much headway in their socio-economic status as they were totally uprooted and their livelihoods were annihilated. After independence due to political animosity even those Reclamations works such special co-operative Societies, Industrial Schools, entitlement cards, kallar Funds etc. were wound up.

As a result, their socio-economic conditions remained backward. At present their status both in relative and absolute terms in all indicators viz. per capita income, assets, sex ratio, literacy, longevity, IMR, MMR, share in the Government and public and Private Sector Jobs are extreme poor and the single fact that 95 % of them are farmers with less than one acre of land and 85% of the workers are in the unorganized Sector shall speak volumes of their pathetic and deplorable conditions. A table of socio-economic indicators compiled from the statistical hand book is enclosed. Particularly the status of women and children is so hostile that many of them end their life.

Keeping the status of Piramalai Kallars in particular and the practice of Female infanticide in general, Amma launched various direct action schemes such as cradle baby scheme, marriage scheme assistance etc. which had certainly removed the menace of the female infanticides. Above all only during this financial year for the first time a Girls higher Secondary Schools has been established in addition to three poly technique Institutes and a Nursing Collage under Kallar reclamation.

[Amma despite all these welfare measures we are not able to improve our socio-economic status mainly because we could not get jobs in the government as we are not able to compete with the more advanced sections in the Most backward Class category and as the social stigma of criminal tribes are still haunting us, we are denied jobs in the organized sectors.

Amma all though you have been treating every citizen with your motherly grace, Amma, from the inception of your public life and till date, you have been loving and caring us more than a mother and mentor. Amma we wish to draw your benevolent attention to some of our proposal for enabling our community also to keep pace with socio-economic advancement. Amma, we have all the quantifiable data to strengthen our demand and in conformity with various ratio of the courts and norms of the government.

1. Amma, the Government of Tamilnadu vide its GO MS 1310 dated 30.07.1979 of Social Welfare Department has changed the nomenclature of the Denotified Tribes as Denotified Community without any object and reason, perhaps due to some vested interest officers in the lower rung of the administration mislead the government. This has been done mainly relying on the Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs letters No. 11019/18/78- SCT V dated 4.11.78 and No. BC. 11026/2/79 SC BCD III dated 20.03.1979 which is patently illegal, perverse because none of the other state had changed the nomenclature based on the said Central Government orders. The fact is that the said national commission has only emphasized that besides SC/ST there are 258 communities throughout the country and only these communities are called Backward class and in the said report the said committee has used the word the ‘community’ instead of ‘Tribes’. Amma, now, the last National Commission has recommended that they must be called as DNTs and given constitutional status and extent all the benefits of SC/STs in its report submitted in the year 2008 and the same has been accepted and recommended by the National Advisory Council. Hence, there is no reason to allow the said GO to exist and this change shall not incur any financial burden on the state.

Hence, It is prayed that Amma may kindly direct the Ministry of Backward Classes/Most Backward Classes to withdraw the said GO and issue fresh GO to continue with the nomenclature as it was before 1979 as DNTs.

2. As Piramalai Kallars are not able to get reservation benefits as recorded by Justice Ambasangar Commission and Justice M.S. Janarthan Commission, the Denotified Tribes should be given 10 per cent reservation in proportion to their population.

3. The Special Co-operatives Societies of Pirmalai Kallars were abolished without any basis and thus the same should restarted with adequate financial support from the state.

4. To enable them to get jobs in the organized sectors, a special industrial park must be established in the Usilampatti taluk.

5. As there is no women collage for the Piramalai Kallars, they are not able to avail higher education, hence a Kallar Government Women arts and science college should be established in Usilampatti Taluk.

6. As most of the Piramalai kallars could not join professional course mainly due to their social stigma, government engineering college should be started in Usilampatti Taluk.

7. Other professional Collages such as Agriculture/Forest College should be started in the area where Piramalai kallars live.

8. The separate Board to manage the properties of Piramalai kallars organizations should be established.

9. The irrigation projects sanctioned and being implemented should be completed at the earliest (58 village Canal) and new irrigation projects should be sanctioned.

10. To train and coach the most backward Piramalai kallar Students to various jobs, a special training institute with modern library and computer facilities along with boarding and lodging should established.

11. The wasteland in suitable place should be allotted for constructing cultural and sports centers by the registered well managed voluntary social organization of Piramalai Kallars for various social functions so as to preserve the rich and ancient cultural heritage of Piramalai kallars.

12. A separate Financial Corporations to advance long term loans to Piramalai Kallars more particularly for the worst victims of the world the Piramalai kallar women.

Amma, these measures shall go a long way in improving the socio-economic status of the depressed class and shall remain fountain head of Tamil Culture and heritage in the years to come.

With ever growing gratitude to Amma and prayer to Almighty from the pure souls of Piramalai Kallars to give robust health and strength to accomplish the Mission of becoming Prime Minister of India.

Yours Sincerely

Table -1

COMPARATIVE VITAL SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDIACATORS

Sl. No. Vital Socio-Economic Indicators Piramalai Kallar Madurai District Tamil Nadu India 1 Density (Population per Sq.Kms) (2011 Census) 247 823 555 382 2 Decadal Growth Rate (2011 Census) 18 17.95 15.6 17.6 3 Sex Ratio ( Females per 1000 Males) (2011 Census) 936 990 995 940 4 Percentage of Urban population 32 60.64 48.45 31.2 5 Birth Rate - 2011 (SRS) 18 17.2 15.9 21.8 6 Death rate - 2011 (SRS) 7.5 6.6 7.4 7.1 7 Infant Mortality Rate -2011(SRS) 31 21.2 22 44 8 Maternal Mortality Rate -2011 (SRS) 1.7 1.7 9 Literacy Rate - 2011 64.2 81.66 80.3 74 10 Percentage of persons BPL 43 25 11.2 21.9

Source : Usilapmatti Block, Statistical Handbook 2011-2012, Madurai Dt and Tamilnadu Statistical Hand Book 2013. Table-2

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDIACATORS OF PIRAMALAI KALLARS

Sl. No. Socio-Economic Indicators Piramalai Kallar

1 Average size of household 3.4 2 Percentage of workers to total population 59.2 3 Percentage of female workers to total workers 46.1 4 Percentage of agricultural Labourer to total labourers 81.8 5 Percentage of workers in Manufacturing industries 2.5 6 Percentage of small and marginal farmer 95 7 Percentage of net are sown to total geographical area 32.28 8 Percentage of farmers withless than 1 acre of land 85 9 Number of post office per thousand population 0.39 10 Number of letter box 95 11 Number of residential telephone 654 12 Number of Nationalized bank 5 13 Number of scheduled Bank 1 14 Number of Primary Agricultural cooperative bank 5 15 Noon meal centers 88

Source : Usilapmatti Block, Statistical Handbook 2011-2012, Madurai Dt